COVID-19 Vaccine - Facts and FAQs

Vaccine Safety

Safety is a top priority in delivering a COVID-19 vaccine. Once a company develops a vaccine, it must go through a rigorous scientific testing process before it can be submitted to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The FDA independently reviews the information from these tests to make sure the vaccine is safe and works well, and then decides whether the vaccine can be made available to the public through emergency use authorization.

After a vaccine is authorized for use, multiple safety monitoring systems are in place to watch for possible adverse events. If an unexpected serious adverse event is detected, experts work as quickly as possible to determine whether it is a true safety concern.

For Additional Information


Authorized Vaccines

Several vaccines have been authorized by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA).  All COVID-19 vaccines have been proven to be highly effective at preventing serious illness, hospitalization and death from COVID-19.  The best vaccine is the one you can get soonest and is available to you. However, if you have previously had a severe allergic reaction to any ingredients in a vaccine or have any concerns about possible contraindications, be sure to check with your doctor for more information about your options. 

  Type  Doses Needed  Approved for Ages  When You Receive Full Protection  Fact Sheet 
Pfizer  mRNA  16+  Two weeks after receiving the second dose  Pfizer-BioNTech Vaccine Fact Sheet (Español
Moderna  mRNA  18+  Two weeks after receiving the second dose  Moderna Vaccine Fact Sheet (Español
Johnson and Johnson  Viral Vector  1 18+  Two weeks after vaccination Johnson and Johnson (Janssen Biotech) Vaccine Fact Sheet (Español

Getting Vaccinated 

COVID-19 vaccination will help protect you from getting COVID-19 and has been proven to prevent serious illness, hospitalization and death from the virus. 

Building Immunity

You may have some side effects after vaccination, which are normal signs that your body is building protection. These may affect your ability to do daily activities, but they should go away in a few days. Some people have no side effects. 

According to clinical trial data reviewed by the FDA, the most commonly reported side effects, which typically last several days, are: 

  • Pain at the injection site 
  • Tiredness 
  • Headache
  • Muscle pain
  • Chills
  • Joint pain 
  • Fever

Of note, for those who received Pfizer or Moderna vaccines, more people experienced these side effects after the second dose than after the first dose, so it is important for vaccination providers and recipients to expect that there may be some effects after either dose, but even moreso after the second dose.

If you receive Pfizer or Moderna for your first dose, you should get the second shot even if you have side effects after the first shot, unless a vaccination provider or your doctor tells you not to get it.

Vaccination Records

After you receive your first dose of vaccine, you will receive a paper vaccination record that shows which vaccine you received and when. Keep this card in a safe place. Bring this card with you if your vaccine requires a second dose (I.e., Pfizer or Moderna) so that your provider can document your full vaccination.

Related Links

Find out if COVID-19 vaccination is recommended for you right now on our eligibility page.
Find a vaccination site near you on our vaccine locations map.
Find more vaccine topics in our FAQs.
Find more information from CDC on what to expect at your vaccine appointment

Second Doses

Pfizer or Moderna

If you received the Pfizer or Moderna vaccine, you’ll need to return for a second dose vaccination 21 or 28 days later, respectively. COVID-19 vaccines are not interchangeable. That means you will need to get the same manufacturer for the second dose as you received for your first dose. If you go to a different provider than your first dose, be sure to check ahead to ensure they offer the manufacturer you need.

According to ACIP/CDC recommendations, you can get your second dose as late as 42 days after the first dose with no impact on the protective benefit you’ll receive. If you get it later than 42 days after the first dose, it is likely to still be effective, although there has not been enough time to study that yet. CDC does not recommend starting over with vaccination. Getting the second dose is important to getting the full protective benefits of the vaccine, so schedule it as soon as you are able.

Johnson and Johnson (Janssen)

The Johnson and Johnson vaccine requires only a single dose for full vaccination. You will not need to return for a second appointment.

It takes about two weeks after being fully vaccinated to achieve full protective benefits from any COVID-19 vaccine.

After Full Vaccination 

We’re still learning how vaccines will affect the spread of COVID-19. After you’ve been fully vaccinated against COVID-19, you should keep taking precautions in public places like wearing a mask, staying 6 feet apart from others, and avoiding crowds and poorly ventilated spaces until more is known. 

If you’ve been fully vaccinated, meaning it’s been two weeks since your second dose in a 2-dose series or 2 weeks after a single-dose vaccine, there are some things you can start doing, according to CDC guidance: 

  • You can gather indoors with fully vaccinated people without wearing a mask. 
  • You can gather indoors with unvaccinated people from one other household (for example, visiting with relatives who all live together) without masks, unless any of those people or anyone they live with has an increased risk for severe illness from COVID-19
  • If you’ve been around someone who has COVID-19, you do not need to stay away from others or get tested unless you have symptoms. 
    • However, if you live in a group setting (like a correctional or detention facility or group home) and are around someone who has COVID-19, you should still stay away from others for 14 days and get tested, even if you don’t have symptoms.

See MCDPH Guidance for Fully Vaccinated People (3.10.21)

Frequently Asked Questions

Eligibility

When you register, you will be asked a few questions to determine your eligibility, such as your job category or date of birth. People 16 years of age and older are currently eligible for scheduling at Maricopa County vaccination sites. Note, those age 16 or 17 must be vaccinated at sites using Pfizer vaccine, the only currently FDA authorized vaccine for use in these ages.

At your appointment, please be prepared to show 1) your appointment confirmation, and 2) a form of ID confirming your employment, such as a work ID or paystub, or an ID that shows your age.



For people who are in Maricopa County temporarily (such as winter visitors or temporary residents), you are able to get vaccinated if you meet the current eligibility criteria in Maricopa County. You will receive a vaccination record with the date of your vaccination and which vaccine you received. If you are vaccinated with Moderna or Pfizer, you will need to return for a second dose 21 or 28 days later, respectively. This should be done with the same provider as your first dose, if possible.



We are working with school districts across the county to hold events specifically for school staff and childcare workers in the near future. This will help you be able to have specific days and times near you where you can get vaccinated along with others in this category. More information will be posted on the Phase 1B page as it becomes available.



Yes. MCDPH is working to allocate vaccine to universities, community colleges and other higher education entities to vaccinate eligible faculty/staff within their institutions.

If you are a university, community college or higher education entity that has the ability to vaccinate your eligible faculty/staff, you can request vaccine through this form.

We ask eligible staff/faculty at these institutions to check with your employers first about vaccination events that may be planned. If you are unable to receive a vaccine through your institution, you can locate a vaccine event using the ADHS Vaccine Finder at azhealth.gov/findvaccine.



If you are in this category, please check with your employer before making an appointment at a public vaccination site. Maricopa County is working with employers, industry associations, cities, and others to offer special vaccination events to frontline workers, so your employer may have more information on other vaccine distribution plans for you based on your employment.



Individuals who are 16 years old and older can schedule vaccination at locations (PODs, pharmacies, other providers) that have appointments available and offer the type of vaccine recommended for their age group. Those ages 16 and 17 must be vaccinated with Pfizer, the only vaccine currently authorized for use by the FDA in these ages. Those who are 18 and older can be vaccinated with any of the currently authorized vaccines: Pfizer, Moderna or Johnson and Johnson.



To date, no COVID-19 vaccine has been authorized for children under 16.

Because the immune systems in children and adolescents are different from adults, vaccines must be tested in younger age groups to ensure safety and efficacy in younger people.

All three vaccine manufacturers currently authorized by the FDA are conducting trials that include participants between age 12 and 18 with their parents’ permission. Moderna also has started a clinical trial to test the vaccine in children under 12, including babies as young as six months.

It may be late 2021 or even 2022 before there is enough evidence on the timing, safety, effectiveness and practical aspects of vaccinating children for the coronavirus, especially children under age 12.



Scheduling

Most vaccination sites have online appointment systems where you can check availability. You may be asked to register on the site or create an account login and password so that you can access the site appointment system. Some vaccinators may offer scheduling assistance over the phone.



Here are a few practical tips to help you prepare for using the online registration system:

  • Have an email address to use to create a login for registration that is not a work email address and does not end in .edu, or .gov. Some users have had issues with emails ending in these extensions.
  • Use Chrome/Firefox/Safari browsers on computer/laptop/iPad/iPhone. Android devices are not currently supported but will be coming soon.
  • While the vaccine is free to everyone, if you have insurance, please have your insurance information handy. The site may ask you for it so that the POD provider can charge insurance an administration fee, but you will not receive a bill.
  • See ADHS FAQs on vaccine registration website for more information.


The ADHS Vaccine Registration system supports COVID-19 vaccine scheduling events statewide. Here are some general troubleshooting tips that may help you schedule your appointment.

  • See step-by-step instructions for setting up your login and password in the ADHS Guide to POD Appointment Setting.

  • When searching for an appointment:
    • Manually select a date in the future. The site defaults to today’s date so you may not see all availability.
    • If an appointment is not appearing for the date you wanted, that may indicate that there are no appointments and that date is booked. Please select another date and hit “search”
    • After securing your appointment date, time and location, please scroll to the bottom of the webpage to confirm and book your appointment. Selecting a “slot” is NOT the same as completing the appointment. You must complete the “submit” step to confirm your appointment.
    • Before leaving the website, check your email for the appointment confirmation code.
    • If your appointment is booked successfully, you will receive an email confirming your appointment, with a QR (scan) codeyou will take with you to your appointment. If you do not receive a confirmation email, your appointment was not completed and cannot be confirmed. You will not be able to get vaccinated without it.

If you continue to have issues with using the appointment system, please call ADHS Tech Support: 602-542-1000 or email podvaccine-triage@azdhs.gov.



If you are having technical difficulty creating login/password or other issue using the ADHS Vaccine Registration/Scheduling system, please call 602-542-1000 M-F 8a.m.-5p.m. or email azvaccinesupport@azdhs.gov.

If you do not have access to a computer and need help setting an appointment by phone, ADHS has established a call center to assist. Call 1-844-542-8201 and press Option #8 to be connected to a navigator. This service is Mon.-Fri. from 8.a.m-5p.m.



Scheduling appointments helps us ensure we prepare the right number of doses so they are not wasted, helps you plan your time, and keeps the number of people coming to the site at one time manageable so that you do not have long wait times.



Appointment availability is dependent upon vaccine supply. As more people become eligible for vaccine, demand increases. State-operated POD sites only use Pfizer vaccine, which requires a series of 2 doses 21 days apart. Scheduling for second dose appointments at PODs puts additional demand on limited supply.

As operations have ramped up to support statewide vaccination efforts, more options for vaccination outside of POD sites are becoming available. This includes vaccinations at pharmacies, private providers and special vaccination events for underserved populations. Public Health is working closely with state and local partners to facilitate agreements that will allow vaccine to be allocated for these types of distribution efforts.



Check with your vaccine provider about how to get scheduled for your second dose. Some providers may schedule at your first dose appointment, others may notify you with an email reminder to register for a second dose appointment.

While it is recommended you have your second dose where you received your first, we know that may be difficult if appointments are limited or not available at these sites. Maricopa County is working with our health system partners, retail pharmacies and other vaccinators to establish vaccination events and access points to provide second doses to individuals. Most important is that you schedule your second dose at a location that provides the same manufacturer of vaccine as your first dose [All of the PODs use Pfizer vaccine]. At your first dose appointment, you should receive a vaccine card that tells you the kind of vaccine you received and the date it was administered. Depending on the type of vaccine, you'll need a second dose 21 days (Pfizer) to 28 days (Moderna) later. Your second dose must be of the same vaccine.



To achieve maximum protective benefit as soon as possible, it is recommended you get your second dose of vaccine 21 days (Pfizer) to 28 days (Moderna) after your first dose. However, because of vaccine supply and demand for first dose appointments, we know this may not always be possible. According to ACIP/CDC recommendations, we know that you can get your second dose as late as 42 days after the first dose with no impact on the protective benefit you’ll receive. If you get it later than 42 days after the first dose, it is likely to still be effective, although there has not been enough time to study that yet. CDC does not recommend starting over with vaccination. Getting the second dose is important to getting the full protective benefits of the vaccine, so schedule it as soon as you are able.

Maricopa County is working with our health system partners, retail pharmacies and other vaccinators to establish vaccination events and access points to provide second doses.



Vaccine Allocation & Distribution

There will be a limited supply of COVID-19 vaccines in December 2020, but supply will continually increase in the weeks and months that follow. The timeline for when vaccine is available is dependent on the results of the clinical trials that are currently underway among tens of thousands of voluntary participants. MCDPH is planning for a variety of possible timelines for a phased vaccination process as vaccine candidates apply for Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) and begin the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) review process to ensure they are safe and effective before distributing them. Stay updated on this process on the FDA's COVID-19 Vaccine page.

Wondering what Emergency Use Authorization is and how this brings safe, effective medicines to people? Watch this short video from the FDA about how the EUA process has helped make important medical products available quickly during the COVID-19 pandemic.



Using CDC ACIP guidance, Arizona’s Vaccine and Antiviral Prioritization Advisory Committee (VAPAC) has provided vaccine allocation recommendations for county and tribal health jurisdictions to equitably reach critical populations and priority groups. The Maricopa County VAPAC provided further localized recommendations to ensure equitable distribution of vaccine and access within priority groups.

During the initial phase of the vaccination campaign, Maricopa County Department of Public Health (MCDPH) will work closely with ADHS who will estimate critical populations and allocate vaccine for higher-risk individuals, health care professionals, and other essential workers as recommended by VAPAC.

MCDPH will be responsible for allocating its local vaccine allocation to providers in the County. For Phase 1, regional Point of Dispensing (POD) sites will receive allocations to vaccinate eligible individuals (by appointment only). Additional access points will include pharmacies, federally-qualified health centers, and other community vaccination events.

Once the initial need for local allocation has ended due to general availability of vaccine, all vaccinators will have the ability to order vaccine for their facilities outside of the local allocation process.



As part of a nationwide vaccination strategy, all long-term care settings had an option to enroll in the Pharmacy Partnership for Long-term Care Program. Through this program, CDC has engaged retail pharmacy partners (CVS and Walgreens) to secure vaccine and provide on-site vaccination of residents, at no cost to the facility. Skilled Nursing Facilities residents and staff will receive the vaccine first followed by Assisted Living and other adult congregate settings.



Once the vaccine is more widely available, traditional locations such as doctor’s offices, health clinics and pharmacies will likely provide vaccinations. Drive-through or walk-up vaccination events at community spaces may also be offered. All vaccination locations will take additional safety measures for COVID-19, including physical distancing, personal protective equipment (PPE), and extra sanitation steps.



Providers wanting to participate in the COVID-19 vaccination program are onboarded using the State’s electronic provider onboarding tool. Learn more about that process here. During the enrollment process, AZDHS verifies each provider’s ability to receive, store, handle, and administer vaccine.



Vaccine Safety

CDC’s v-safe is a new smartphone-based, after-vaccination health checker for people who receive COVID-19 vaccines. When you receive your vaccine, you should also receive a v-safe information sheet telling you how to enroll in v-safe. If you enroll, you will receive regular text messages directing you to surveys where you can report any problems or adverse reactions you have after receiving a COVID-19 vaccine.



Like all vaccines, COVID-19 vaccines must go through a rigorous and multi-step testing and approval process before they can be used. Throughout vaccine development and distribution, there are numerous safety measures. These include:

  • The Federal Food and Drug Administration (FDA) authorizes and monitors all clinical trials.
  • To get an Emergency Use Authorization, developers of a vaccine must provide a large amount of data on its safety and effectiveness to meet the rigorous standards set by the FDA
  • Independent advisory committees provide oversight and monitor for safety during vaccine development and testing.
  • Clinical trials for a vaccine continue after EUA is granted until enough data is available to grant full approval

    After a vaccine is authorized for use, multiple safety monitoring systems are in place to watch for possible adverse events. If an unexpected serious adverse event is detected, experts work as quickly as possible to determine whether it is a true safety concern.


After a vaccine is authorized or approved for use, many vaccine safety monitoring systems watch for possible side effects. This continued monitoring can pick up on adverse events that may not have been seen in clinical trials and helps to ensure that the benefits continue to outweigh the risks for people who receive vaccines.

CDC is working to expand safety surveillance through new systems and additional information sources, as well as by scaling up existing safety monitoring systems specifically to evaluate COVID-19 vaccine safety in real time and make sure COVID-19 vaccines are as safe as possible.

Source: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/vaccines/faq.html



Both the Pfizer and Moderna COVID-19 vaccines require two doses. The Pfizer vaccine requires two doses 21 days apart, while the Moderna vaccine requires two doses 28 days apart. COVID-19 vaccines are not interchangeable. The safety and efficacy of a mixed-product series (i.e., one dose of Pfizer, one dose of Moderna or vice-versa) have not been evaluated. Both doses of the series should be completed with the same product.

You should have received a vaccination card at your first dose appointment that included the name of the manufacturer of the vaccine you received (e.g., Pfizer or Moderna) and the timeframe needed to return for your second dose. Be sure to bring your COVID-19 vaccination record card to ensure appropriate product and vaccine dose interval at your second appointment. (Tip: Consider taking a picture or making a copy of this card so you have a back-up in case the card is lost.)

In exceptional situations in which the first-dose vaccine product cannot be determined or is no longer available, CDC guidance states any available mRNA COVID-19 vaccine (i.e, Pfizer or Moderna) may be administered at a minimum interval of 28 days between doses to complete the mRNA COVID-19 vaccination series. If two doses of different mRNA COVID-19 vaccine products are administered in these situations (or inadvertently), no additional doses of either product are recommended at this time (i.e. no third doses should be administered).



According to clinical trial data reviewed by the FDA, the most commonly reported side effects, which typically lasted several days, were pain at the injection site, tiredness, headache, muscle pain, chills, joint pain, and fever. Of note, more people experienced these side effects after the second dose than after the first dose, so it is important for vaccination providers and recipients to expect that there may be some side effects after either dose, but even more so after the second dose. Learn more.



Yes. If you are trying to become pregnant now or want to get pregnant in the future, you may receive a COVID-19 vaccine when one is available to you.

There is currently no evidence that COVID-19 vaccination causes any problems with pregnancy, including the development of the placenta.

In addition, there is no evidence that fertility problems are a side effect of any vaccine, including COVID-19 vaccines. Like all vaccines, scientists are studying COVID-19 vaccines carefully for side effects now and will continue to study them for many years.



There are no specific data on the safety of COVID-19 vaccines in pregnant women from clinical trials. If you are part of a group (e.g., healthcare personnel) who is recommended to receive a COVID-19 vaccine and are pregnant or breastfeeding, you may choose to be vaccinated. A discussion with your healthcare provider can help you make an informed decision. Read more on COVID-19 and pregnancy.



If you are immunocompromised, or are receiving immunosuppressant therapy, you may choose to be vaccinated, but may have a diminished immune response to the COVID-19 vaccine.



CDC recommends that the vaccine be administered to those with chronic health conditions if they have no contraindications.



If you have a history of severe allergic reaction (such as anaphylaxis or requiring epinephrine injection or hospitalization) to another vaccine or injectable medication, you can still get the vaccine but will need to be observed for 30 minutes following the vaccination.

NOTE: This DOES NOT include allergic reactions to oral medications, food, pet dander, pollen or other environmental allergens.

Individuals with history of severe or immediate reaction to mRNA vaccines (Pfizer and Moderna), components of mRNA vaccines including polyethylene glycol (PEG) or polysorbate should not be vaccinated unless working with their healthcare provider or allergy specialist.

Likewise, individuals with a history of severe of immediate reaction to the Johnson and Johnson vaccine, components of the Johnson and Johnson vaccine including polysorbate should not be vaccinated unless working with their healthcare provider or allergy specialist. Individuals with a contraindication to an mRNA vaccine can receive the Johnson and Johnson vaccine and vice-versa.



The only individuals who should not receive the vaccine are those who have a history of severe allergic reaction (such as anaphylaxis or requiring epinephrine injection or hospitalization) to this vaccine or any of its ingredients, including polyethylene glycol (PEG) for the mRNA vaccines (Moderna and Pfizer) and polysorbate for the Johnson and Johnson (Janssen) vaccine

Find ingredients in fact sheets for



Pfizer-BioNTech

After thorough review of safety and efficacy data from tens of thousands of participants in clinical trials, the Food and Drug Administration authorized the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine for distribution to individuals ages 16 years and older in December 2020. The only individuals who should not receive the vaccine are those who have a history of severe allergic reaction (such as anaphylaxis or requiring epinephrine injection or hospitalization) to this vaccine or any of its ingredients, such as polyethylene glycol (PEG). More information about the Pfizer vaccine.

Moderna and Johnson & Johnson

Moderna and Johnson & Johnson’s vaccines are currently authorized for ages 18 and up.

Clinical Trials

All three companies have begun clinical trials for younger kids.

The American Academy of Pediatrics has advocated for the inclusion of adolescents and younger children in COVID-19 clinical trials so that this population can also benefit from a COVID-19 vaccine.



General Topics

This will depend on what vaccine you receive. The Pfizer and Moderna COVID-19 vaccines will require two doses given 3 to 4 weeks, respectively, apart to provide maximum protection. The series of two doses must be completed with the same vaccine product.

The Johnson and Johnson vaccine only requires one dose for full vaccination.



After receiving your first shot, everyone will receive a paper immunization record that will be completed at the time of vaccination. It will include the vaccine you received, date and location, and date when your next shot is needed. In most cases, individuals will be reminded by the provider where they received their first dose when it’s time to schedule their second shot. Because different COVID-19 vaccine products will not be interchangeable, a vaccine recipient's second dose must be from the same manufacturer as their first dose.



COVID-19 vaccines will be administered by intramuscular (IM) injection, a shot in the arm.



The CDC recommends that those who have had COVID-19 get the vaccine. Due to the severe health risks associated with COVID-19 and the fact that reinfection with COVID-19 is possible, you should be vaccinated regardless of whether you already had COVID-19 infection. Research shows that individuals who are vaccinated after recovering from COVID-19 have an immune response 1000 times stronger after being vaccinated than those who are not vaccinated and that the vaccine provides some immunity against other COVID-19 strains that does not occur after natural infection. If you were treated for COVID-19 symptoms with monoclonal antibodies or convalescent plasma, you should wait 90 days before getting a COVID-19 vaccine. Talk to your doctor if you are unsure what treatments you received or if you have more questions about getting a COVID-19 vaccine.



You should wait to be vaccinated until your isolation period has ended and you are fully recovered (without symptoms)to avoid exposing healthcare personnel or other persons during your vaccination visit.



No. People with COVID-19 who have symptoms should wait to be vaccinated until they have recovered from their illness and have met the criteria for discontinuing isolation; those without symptoms should also wait until they meet the criteria before getting vaccinated. This guidance also applies to people who get COVID-19 before getting their second dose of vaccine.



No. None of the COVID-19 vaccines contain the live virus that causes COVID-19, so the vaccine cannot make you sick with COVID-19. You may have symptoms like a fever after you get a vaccine. This is normal and a sign that your immune system is learning how to recognize and fight the virus that causes COVID-19.



Yes, even if you get vaccinated, we recommend you continue with the other prevention measures you've been doing, such as washing your hands, wearing a mask, staying six feet apart, and limiting gatherings.



There will be no cost to get the COVID-19 vaccine, regardless of insurance status. In early December, Gov. Ducey issued an Executive Order that ensures Arizonans can receive the COVID-19 vaccine free of charge for as long as the state's public health emergency declaration is in effect. If you do have insurance, you may be asked for it so that the provider can bill the insurer for its administrative fee. You will not be charged.



No, a vaccine will not end the pandemic by itself. A safe and effective vaccine against COVID-19 will be a major breakthrough in preventing COVID-19 infections but needs to be used in combination with other prevention measures until enough people have immunity (either from a vaccine or a past infection). Even after a vaccine is available, it will be necessary to continue with the core COVID-19 safety precautions including limiting activities outside the home, physical distancing, and mask wearing for the foreseeable future as we learn more about how long the protection lasts and as more people become protected through vaccination over time.



We will continue to update these FAQs and add additional information as it becomes available. More information also can be found on the CDC COVID-19 Vaccine page. Learn more about finding credible vaccine information.



Please defer vaccination and check with the administrators of the research study first to ensure you will not compromise results of the research.



A POD, or Point of Dispensing, is a temporary site in the community where vaccines or medicines can be quickly administered to people in large numbers. A POD allows us to vaccinate as many people as possible in a quick, safe and efficient manner.



Currently, CDC recommends you wait at least 14 days before getting any other vaccine, including a flu or shingles vaccine, after you get your COVID-19 vaccine. Or if you get any other vaccine first, wait at least 14 days before getting your COVID-19 vaccine.

If you get a COVID-19 vaccine within 14 days of another vaccine, you do not need to be revaccinated with either vaccine. You should still complete both vaccine series on schedule. Once more data is available on the safety and effectiveness of COVID-19 vaccines given at the same time as other vaccines, these recommendations may be updated.



Even if you get COVID-19 after your first vaccine dose, you should complete the recommended vaccine series to get the maximum protection against future infections. We do not know how long protection from a natural infection lasts, so individuals should complete the full series.

Before getting the second dose at the recommended timeframe, you should ensure your isolation period has ended and you are fully recovered (without symptoms) to avoid exposing healthcare personnel or other persons during your vaccination visit.



Taking over-the-counter medications such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen before receiving a vaccine is not recommended.

These medications can be taken after vaccination, if needed, to help with any side effects like a sore arm, muscle aches or fever that may occur.



The CDC and other scientific partners are actively investigating the effectiveness of currently authorized vaccines against emerging variants. Current studies suggest that antibodies generated by vaccination with currently authorized vaccines recognize and provide protection against these variants.



Ongoing clinical trials are evaluating the duration of protection from the COVID-19 vaccines. At this time the need for annual vaccination is unknown.



In most cases, if people who have been fully vaccinated against COVID-19 are exposed to someone with COVID-19, they do not have to quarantine if they meet all of the following criteria:

  • it has been at least 2 weeks since their final dose, and
  • they have had no symptoms since their COVID-19 exposure.

Exceptions to this guidance include:

  • Inpatients/residents in healthcare settings (i.e., hospitals, hospice, skilled nursing facilities) and inmates in jail/prison must quarantine for the full 14 days.
  • Public Health may determine that people who are a part of an outbreak due to a variant strain of the virus that causes COVID-19 should quarantine for the full 14 days regardless of vaccination status.

Please note: Even in the absence of quarantine, a person who has been exposed to COVID-19 should continue to monitor for symptoms for 14 days after their last exposure and wear a face mask.

See the full quarantine guidance for people who have been exposed to COVID-19



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