COVID-19 IN COUNTY JAILS
COVID-19 Testing and Results
Total Number of Tests and Re-tests
Pending Results &
in Med Obs/Med Iso
Distribution of Positive Cases
COVID-19 FACILITY Efforts
- All patients/inmates entering any MCSO jail undergo supplemental screening to determine the presence of COVID-19 symptoms or a history of recent contacts with COVID-19 positive individuals.
- Patients/inmates with a positive supplemental screen are placed in Medical Observation/Isolation and offered testing for COVID-19.
- Patients/inmates with a negative supplemental screen are placed by MCSO in ‘Cohort housing’ for fourteen (14) days and are monitored for symptoms of COVID-19 before going to the general population.
- Any patient/inmate from a ‘Cohort housing’ unit who develops symptoms consistent with COVID-19 is placed in Medical Observation/Isolation and is offered testing. If the patient/ inmate tests positive, the housing unit is placed under Quarantine and is offered testing. Additionally, all patients/inmates from the ‘Cohort housing’ who test positive are placed in Medical Observation/Isolation.
- Any patient/inmate from a general population housing unit who develops symptoms consistent with COVID-19 is placed in Medical Observation/Isolation and is offered testing. If the patient/ inmate tests positive, then all individuals in the general population housing unit are placed under Quarantine status and offered testing.
- Med. Obs./Isolation
- Movement Restrictions
- Infirmary Care
- Patient Education
- Released Patients/Inmates
Consistent with guidelines from the CDC and Maricopa County Department of Public Health, the following patients/inmates are placed in Medical Observation/Isolation for up to fourteen (14) days:
- Patients/inmates who test positive for COVID-19,
- Patients/inmates with a history of exposure to COVID-19 before incarceration,
- Asymptomatic patients/inmates awaiting an elective hospital procedure,
- Asymptomatic patients/inmates awaiting early release through the ‘Reach Out’ program, and
- Persons Under Investigation (PUI) for COVID-19.
- Asymptomatic patients/inmates who had close contact/exposure with a confirmed COVID-19 positive person are placed in Quarantine housing for approximately fourteen (14) days. All individuals in the housing unit are offered testing.
- If a patient/inmate who is part of a Quarantined housing unit becomes symptomatic, the patient is placed in Medical Observation/Isolation and is offered testing for COVID-19. If the patient/inmate tests positive, they are kept in Medical Observation/Isolation.
- If an asymptomatic patient/inmate in Quarantine housing tests positive, they are moved to Medical Observation/Isolation. The Quarantine clock for the remainder of the housing unit is reset to zero (0). The entire cohort housing unit is offered testing. If the patient/inmate tests negative, the fourteen (14) day Quarantine clock for the remainder of the cohort housing is not reset.
CHS recommends that patients/inmates in Medical Observation/Isolation or Quarantine be placed on ’Movement Restriction’ status.
- Medical Observation/Isolation - Patients/inmates in Medical Observation/Isolation should not be allowed to leave their housing units. Movement should be limited to emergencies or releases. All patients/inmates must wear a mask when leaving the housing unit.
- Quarantine- Patients/inmates in Quarantine who are asymptomatic or tested negative for COVID-19 may be allowed legal visits. Movement should be limited to emergencies or releases. The patient/inmate must wear a mask when leaving the housing unit.
Patients/inmates at higher risk for complications from a positive COVID-19 diagnosis (age ≥ 65, immunocompromised, or with a chronic condition) may be housed in the Infirmary. Patients/inmates receive supportive care to help relieve symptoms.
According to the CDC, there is no specific antiviral treatment recommended for COVID-19. Most people who become ill with COVID-19 will be able to recover with supportive care. Patients/inmates receive supportive care to help relieve their symptoms. Patients/inmates with severe COVID-19 disease requiring hospitalization management are sent out to the hospital.
Patients’/inmates’ safety is a high priority for CHS. Therefore, those patients/inmates with severe COVID-19 disease requiring a higher level of care are sent to the hospital. Inpatient management focuses on the treatment and supportive management of the most common complications from severe cases of COVID-19 including, but not limited to:
- Acute Respiratory Failure
- Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS)
- Septic Shock
- Secondary Infection
As part of CHS discharge planning, and before release from custody, all patients/inmates in Medical Observation/Isolation are educated regarding COVID-19. Education and instructions include but are not limited to the following:
- The number of quarantine days remaining until completion of the protocol,
- To follow-up with a provider in the community if symptoms develop or worsen (fever, shortness of breath, cough), and
- To stay at home in isolation for ten (10) days after testing positive for COVID-19, with three (3) days symptoms free.
Patients are also recommended to follow up with Public Health.
Patients/inmates who are released before a positive test result or before the completion of their isolation period are referred to Maricopa County Department of Public Health (MCDPH) for continued shelter and medical care.
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