2009 Safety Tip
THE ARIZONA SUN AND HEAT GOT YOU STRESSED?
in Maricopa County, a lot of us spend many hours outdoors. Sometimes
for work and sometimes for pleasure. It is important to understand
that heat can
be very dangerous.
effect of high heat is Heat Stress. Here are somethings you should
know about Heat Stress.
Stress is the inability of the body to cool itself down when its
internal temperature rises above 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit.
are four common forms of heat stress:
Fatigue, which occurs when the body is straining under a tough
workload in hot conditions.
Cramps, which occur when people continue to work in hot conditions
Exhaustion and Heat Stroke occur when people lose a significant
amount of body fluids. Heat exhaustion and stroke involve symptoms
consistent with severe confusion, rapid pulse, upset stomach,
or fainting. Heat exhaustion and heat stroke represent life
threatening conditions if not dealt with immediately.
to the City
of Phoenix Fire Department,
- Hot weather
triggers a variety of medical emergencies, even healthy people
should take it easy
- Those with
respiratory and other health problems must be especially careful.
- Stay out
of the sun as much as possible.
- Drink extra
fluids, but avoid alcoholic beverages which can cause dehydration.
The best ways to prevent a sun stress emergency are to drink
before you're thirsty and drink often.
- Eat a healthy
- Wear a
hat or cap, keep the neck covered and wear loose fitting clothing.
- If you
can, work in the cool hours of the day or evening.
greatest amount of heat loss from the body occurs at the head. This
is why it is important to wear a hat or cap in the sun.
is the result of the body losing moisture AND electrolytes due to
sweating which results in the build up of excess salt. Sweating
is the body's natural means for keeping cool. Electrolytes are crucial
for the proper functioning of the body. Thus the use of table salt
or salt tablets to replace body electrolytes is no longer recommended.
There are many electrolyte replacement drinks are available on the
Technical Manual (TED 1-0.15A), Section III - Chapter 4 (January
20, 1999, 19 pages) is an excellent place to start if you are unfamiliar
with heat stress. This document contains useful sections on the signs and symptoms
of heat stress, sampling methods, control suggestions, and guidelines
for investigating heat stress in the workplace.
web-based PowerPoint presentation for HEAT
STRESS in PDF format, prepared by the International Union of
Operating Engineers and the US Department of Energy's jointly operated
"International Environmental Technology and Training Center" in
Beaver, WV, is another source for information. Although it is designed
to address workers involved in hazardous waste operations, the information
in general can be applied to everyone in an easy-to-read format.
you should do
is what you should do if you suspect someone is suffering from Heat
for medical help immediately!
the person out of the heat
any protective clothing and loosen restrictive clothing
the person down
not provide any fluids until the person is conscious.
five important things to remember about Heat Stress:
Stress can strike at any time
Stress illness can range from fatigue to death
Stress results when the body’s cooling system cannot keep up with
the body’s rising temperature
the signs and symptoms of heat stress
heat stress symptoms appear, take immediate corrective actions
additional information or a video on Heat Stress contact the Maricopa
County Risk Management Safety Office
at (602) 506-8601.