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 Events for White Tank Mtn 
<April 2015>

Eleven archeological sites, occupied during the time period A.D. 500-1100, were located within the boundaries of White Tank Mountain Regional Park. All of these sites can be attributed to the Hohokam Indians. The White Tanks were apparently abandoned by the Hohokam about A.D. 1100. There is no further indication of human occupation until the historic period, when the Western Yavapai controlled the area.

Ruggedness of terrain and scarcity of water restricted the sites to large canyons leading out of the mountains. In these canyons, the sites include seven villages, varying from 1 to 75 acres in area, a rock shelter in the face of a steep cliff overlooking the white tanks, and several sherd areas. Several of the villages appear to have been occupied for long periods by sizeable populations, while the sherd areas may represent temporary camps of hunters and gatherers.

Most of the sites in the area are concentrated around the White Tanks themselves. The Tanks probably held water the year-round and thereby drew people to the region. Petroglyphs on rocks indicate the Indians were more than transients. Pottery sherds along the Agua Fria and Hassayampa signify the presence of villages and a good possibility that an Indian trail connected the streams with the White Tank long before Europeans came into the area. The discovery of possible agricultural terraces or check dams indicates that farming may have been carried on in the various canyons of the White Tank Mountains, by utilizing seasonal runoff and rain water.

About the Petroglyphs

Ancient Arizonans pecked hundreds of figures and symbols on the rock faces of the White Tank Mountains. Some may approach 10,000 years old. All have withstood sun, rain, and vandals for 700 or 800 years or more.

The Black Rock Trail circles through a Hohokam village site, though the pit houses and trash mounds are hidden to all but the trained eye of an archeologist. The largest group of rock-art panels is along the Waterfall Canyon Trail at "Petroglyph Plaza". Another big group is near the entrance to the box canyon that gives the trail its name.

A rock drawing was serious business to its maker. While no one can say precisely what most of them "mean", we know they had important functions in the lives of their makers. They were not simply stone-age graffiti. The symbols recorded events and marked locations. They were a magical way to control nature so rain would fall or mountain sheep would let themselves be caught. Some served as trail markers and maps. Others represented religious concepts.

Please do not try to make "tombstone rubbings" of the petroglyphs. It doesn’t work at all and you will erode the dark areas, making the petroglyph dimmer. Look at and photograph these figures and symbols of history, but please don’t touch the petroglyphs, skin oils can also damage them.

April Fools and Cactus Blooms! - White Tank Mtn.

Desert Plant Walk- White Tank Mtn. - 4/2/2015
Storytelling - Tales of the Sonoran Desert - White Tank Mtn. - 4/2/2015
Family Moonlight Hike - White Tank Mtn. - 4/3/2015
Adult Moonlight Hike - White Tank Mtn. - 4/4/2015
Cactus Flower Walk- White Tank Mtn. - 4/8/2015
Sonoran Story, Craft, and Play Time - White Tank Mtn. - 4/8/2015
Sunrise Hike - White Tank Mtn - 4/9/2015
Basic Outdoor Photography - White Tank Mtn. - 4/9/2015
Snake Feeding - White Tank Mtn. - 4/10/2015
Hike Into History- Ford Canyon Dam - White Tank Mtn. - 4/11/2015
Storytelling - Tales of the Sonoran Desert - White Tank Mtn. - 4/11/2015
Edible and Useful Plants of the Desert - White Tank Mtn. - 4/15/2015
Black Rock Archaeology Walk - White Tank Mtn. - 4/17/2015
Early Bird Walk with Sonoran Audubon - White Tank Mtn. - 4/18/2015
The Verse Traverse - a Poetic Discovery Hike - White Tank Mtn. - 4/18/2015
April Loons -White Tank Mtn. - 4/18/2015
Desert Wash Discovery Hike - White Tank Mtn. - 4/19/2015
Earth Day Program- Owl Tales - White Tank Mtn. - 4/21/2015
Earth Day Family Movie - The Lorax - White Tank Mtn. - 4/22/2015
Noticing Nature - White Tank Mtn. - 4/24/2015
Earth Day Library Series Children's Program - Owl Pellet Investigation - White Tank Mtn. - 4/25/2015
Snake Feeding - White Tank Mtn. - 4/25/2015
Early Morning Nature Hike - White Tank Mtn. - 4/30/2015
Family Moonlight Hike - White Tank Mtn. - 5/1/2015
Adult Moonlight Hike - White Tank Mtn. - 5/2/2015

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Fri-Sat: 6 am - 10 pm
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Sun. - Sat: 8am - 4pm

June - August
Mon. - Sat: 8am - 4pm
Sunday: Closed

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White Tank Mountain Regional Park
20304 W. White Tank Mountain Road
Waddell, AZ 85355    mailing address
Ph: 623-935-2505  Fax: 602-372-8596
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